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Der Horse Racing Terminology Average Errorв (MAE) Horse Racing Terminology wird. - The Witness NewspaperDomestic and commercial equipment.
Price The odds. Protest When a jockey, owner, trainer or steward alleges interference by one party against another during a race that may have affected the outcome of a race.
If a protest is upheld by officials, the runner that caused the interference is placed directly after the horse interfered with.
If a protest is dismissed by officials, the original result of the race stands. Punt Another term for bet or wager.
Punter Bettor or investor. Pull Up To stop or slow a horse during or after a race or workout. Quadrella Selecting the winner of four specifically nominated races.
Quiniela Quinella - Wager in which the first two finishers must be picked in either order. Payoff is made no matter which of the two wins and which runs second.
See Wagers for Quiniela variants. Race Caller The person who describes the race at a racecourse. Racecard A programme for the day's racing. Rail Runner Horse that prefers to run next to the inside rail.
Ratings Tipsters may determine a set of ratings which reflect, in their opinion, each runner's chance of winning a particular race taking a number of factors into account when preparing them.
Restricted Races Races which only certain horses are eligible. Return The dividend you receive on a particular bet. Reverse Forecast UK - See 'Quinella' above.
Ringer A horse or greyhound entered in a race under another's name - usually a good runner replacing a poorer one.
Roughie A horse which is considered to have a 'rough' chance of winning a race. Roundabout A bet consisting of 3 bets involving three selections in different events i.
Rounder A bet consisting of 3 bets involving three selections in different events i. Round Robin A bet consisting of 10 bets 3 pairs of 'Single Stakes About' bets plus 3 doubles and 1 treble involving three selections in different events.
US, A series of three or more teams into two-team wagers. Router Horse that performs well at longer distances. Run Free A horse going too fast.
Runner A participant in a race. In US, a sportsbook's employee who gathers information on the progress of betting elsewhere on the course. Also, a messenger 'running' to and from pari-mutuel windows for occupants of clubhouse boxes.
Scale Of Weights Fixed weights to be carried by horses in a race according to age, distance, sex, and time of year.
Scalper One who attempts to profit from the differences in odds from book to book by betting both sides of the same game at different prices.
Schooled A horse trained for jumping. Scope The potential in a horse. In US, to win a race or a bet. Also, a victory.
Scratch To be taken out of a race before it starts. Trainers usually scratch horses due to adverse track conditions or a horse's adverse health.
A veterinarian can scratch a horse at any time. Scratch Sheet Daily publication that includes graded handicaps, tips and scratches.
Second Call A secondary mount of a jockey in a race in the event his primary mount is scratched. Selections The horses selected by a knowledgeable person Tipster to have the most likely chance of finishing in first, second and third place.
This may also refer to a person's own selections - the horses they have chosen to back. Selling Race A race where the winner is sold by auction immediately afterwards.
Settler A bookmaker's expert who calculates payouts. Shadow Roll Usually a lamb's wool roll half way up the horse's face to keep him from seeing his own shadow.
Shorten , Shortening the Odds - When the odds of a horse decrease, usually because a lot of money has been wagered on that horse. Short Runner A horse who barely stays, or doesn't stay, the full distance of a race.
Short Price Low odds, meaning a punter will get little return for their initial outlay. Show Third position at the finish. Show Bet Wager on a horse to finish in the money; third or better.
Shut Out US - What happens to a bettor who gets on the betting line to late and is still waiting in line when the window closes.
Also, in sports betting, when the losing team do not score. Silks See 'Colors'. Simulcast A simultaneous live television transmission of a race to other tracks, off-track betting offices or other outlets for the purpose of wagering.
Single A Straight bet on one selection to win one race or event, also known as a straight-up bet. Single Stakes About or SSA - A bet consisting of 2 bets on two selections 1 single on each selection any to come 1 single on the other selection reversed.
Sire Father of a horse. Six-Dollar Combine US - An across-the-board bet in racing. Sloppy track - A track that is wet on surface, with standing water visible, with firm bottom.
Slow track - A racing strip that is wet on both the surface and base. Between good and heavy. Smart Money Insiders' bets or the insiders themselves.
Soft track - Condition of a turf course with a large amount of moisture. Horses sink very deeply into it. Spell The resting period between preparations or racing.
Sportsbook The person, shop or website who accepts bets. Spot Play US - Type of play in which bettor risks money only on types of races and horses which seem relatively worthwhile risks.
Sprint Short race, less than one mile. Stake The prize money for the winning horses paid to the owner eg.
Stakes The sums of money deposited or guaranteed by the parties to a bet. Stakes-Placed Finished second or third in a stakes race. Stakes Horse A horse whose level of competition includes mostly stakes races.
Stallion A male horse used for breeding. Standing Start In harness racing, starters start from a standing position, once the barrier across the track is released.
Starter The person responsible for starting a race. Starting Gate Partitioned mechanical device having stalls in which the horses are confined until the starter releases the doors in front to begin the race.
Starting Price or SP - An estimation of odds available when the race starts. Starting Stalls Mechanical gates that ensure all horses start in unison.
Stayer Also, Slayer - A horse that can race long distances. Steam When a betting selection starts to move quite rapidly, usually caused by many bettors betting on it.
Steeplechase A race in which horses are required to jump over a series of obstacles on the course. Hacked up. A phrase used to describe a horse who has won comfortably.
An official who assesses how horses should be rated, based on their previous performances. A two-year-old horse. Listed race. A horse who has yet to win a race.
A female horse aged five or older. A bet considered to be the most likely winner of all bets during the day.
National Hunt. A measurement used to describe a winning margin in a close finish. A short head is the smallest winning margin. A horse withdrawn from a race for which it had been declared.
A handicap race for two-year-old horses. The chance offered for a selection to win. Also known as price. Off the bridle.
A term to describe a horse not travelling well. On the bridle. A term to describe a horse travelling well.
A term used to describe a horse who cannot quicken when the tempo of the race increases. A fold represents the number of selections in an accumulator, a four-fold consists of 1 bet with 4 legs that all must win for a return.
A bet where the aim is to predict both the winner and runner-up in a race. A straight forecast is the winner and runner-up in the correct order.
A bet consisting of bets involving 8 selections. The bet includes 28 doubles, 56 trebles, 70 four-folds, 56 five-folds, 28 six-folds, 8 seven-folds and an accumulator.
A minimum of 2 of your selections must be successful to get a return. This involves placing a bet on opposing outcome to the punters original selected outcome in order to guarantee winnings of cut losses.
A bet consisting of 57 bets involving 6 selections in different events. The bet includes 15 doubles, 20 trebles, 15 four-folds, 6 five-folds and an accumulator.
A minimum of two of your selections must be successful to get a return. A bet consisting of 15 bets involving 4 selections in different events.
The bet includes 4 singles, 6 doubles, 4 trebles, and 1 fourfold. Only one selection must win for a guaranteed return.
A selection that changes in price significantly either way, by increasing in odds drifting or decreasing in odds steaming.
A technique employed by many by using fixed odds on the exchange market. The technique covers multiple outcomes either through in-play betting or by finding differences in bookmaker odds.
In human terms, the father. Spell A horse that has had a minimum two-month 60 day break from racing.
Stallion A male horse that has not been gelded castrated. Also describes male horses whose racing deeds and pedigree are such that it is desirable to breed from him.
Stayer A horse who performs best when it races over longer distances. Stewards Racing officials responsible for enforcing the rules of racing.
Strapper A person employed by the trainer to groom and look after the general day-to-day welfare of a horse. Stone Motherless Describes a horse who has finished a clear last in the race.
Swooper A horse whose style of racing is to race near the back of the field before unleashing a fast-finishing burst towards the finish line and often down the outside portion of the track.
These bets generally need to be placed at least half an hour before the race. Under Double Wraps Describes a horse who is travelling well without any urgings from its jockey.
Unders A horse whose odds are too low in relation to its chances of winning. Taking 'unders' means you've bet on a horse at odds which should have been higher.
Wager A bet. Or, according to sentence handed down in The consequences of being warned off include not being permitted to enter any racecourse or training facility, not being able to have an interest in any thoroughbred racehorse and not being able to place a bet on thoroughbred races with a wagering operator.
Well-Held Describes a horse who has been comfortably beaten by the winner. Write Your Own Ticket This refers to a runner that is so unlikely to win that a bookie would give you any odds you ask.
The expression is also loosely used in reference to any betting outcome that has very little likelihood of occurring.
Yearling A horse of either sex that is between one and two years old. This is the age at which most horses are bought at the sales.
STAY IN CONTROL. LEAVE BEFORE YOU LOSE IT. ABOUT YOUR CHOICES. CALL GAMBLING HELP ON OR VISIT WWW. AU OR WWW. All racehorses celebrate their birthdays on the same day.
Bookmakers associate responsible for settling up on bets at the track. A runner racing inside of other runners and awaiting clear galloping room.
The starting gates or 'stalls' from which the horses jump at the beginning of a race. A portion of the racecourse where horses are paraded before the start of the race.
A piece of gear placed on a horse to limit its vision and prevent it from being distracted by what's around it. When a horse is unwanted in betting before the race and the bookies increase the price.
Usually 10 pounds until the fifth winner, seven pounds until the 35th winner and five pounds for one calendar year from the 35th winner.
This rule varies from state to state. Apprentices do not receive an allowance when riding in a stakes race. Paddock: Before each race horses are led round the parade ring in the paddock area this is a good opportunity to assess them for looks, temperament and fitness.
Penalty: This term refers to extra weight added to a horses original weight in a race as a consequence of it having won a race in the period between having entered for this race and actually taking part in it.
This penalty is usually applied when the handicapper has not had time to assess the original weight allocation. Photo Finish: First used in Epson in April a camera is installed in line with the winning post which then photographs the finish of a race and where several horses cross the winning line together allows the judges to decide which horse crossed the line first.
The best pitches are in the front rank of Tattersalls Ring. Pressure: A horse that when off the bit has to be driven to keep his place or to make further effort is said to come under pressure.
Prize Money: This is the sum total of the fees paid in entries, forfeits and declaration by the owners and a sum added by the racecourse executive commercial or other sponsors.
Quarter Pole: A post on the infield rail that indicates two furlongs to the finish line. The Clerk of the Scales, responsibility for weighing jockeys and their equipment in accordance with the rules, as well as promulgating information on the numbers board and furnishing the starter with a list of runners.
The Starter, responsible for starting the race from the stalls flat only responsible for calling the roll of jockeys at the start, seeing horses are either loaded into the stalls or lined up properly for the start.
Stewards, three stewards for each race meeting are appointed by the racecourse executive and approved by the stewards of the jockey club, stewards are in overall control of a race meeting, including disciplinary matters, they may order stewards enquiries or hear evidence of objections, they may impose fines or suspensions or if warranted refer a matter to the stewards of the jockey club, if the weather is bad the stewards have the responsibility of deciding wether the meeting shall go on.
Racing Calendar: Name of the official and expensive weekly publication which gives entries in full for future races, weights allocated in handicaps as well as other information such as details of the official findings of inquiries, fines imposed, etc.
Racing Plates: These are the special light weight horseshoes specially fitted for racing. Rails: The white post and rails which mark out a racecourse on either side and are known as the running rails, also refers to the rails which separate the different betting rings.
Rated Stakes: A handicap for which the range of weights shall be limited to not more than 14lb. Ratings: This is the expression of an horses ability in figures, each year there is an international handicappers meeting which includes in its findings the seasonal order of merit in europe on the flat.
Ringer: A name given to older horses illegally running in a race in the name of a younger one. Selling Race: A race in which the winner must be offered for sale at auction on the racecourse, and will sometimes appear abbreviated to S Race in the title.
This way you can oppose the favourite in a race without having to actually nominate a winner. Sprinter: The term given to horses which specialise at racing the minimum distances on the flat which is five or six furlongs.
Starting Price: Usually shown as just SP these are the prices you usually see in your newspaper results columns, are broadcast on TV and Radio and form the basis from which the bookies etc will payout.
Stayer: Term given to horses which specialise at racing over the longest distances on the flat which is two miles plus.
Stuffy Horse: A horse that needs a lot of work to keep his breathing clear. The Tote: The horse totalisator board. Triple Crown: Should you win the guineas, Derby and St Leger you will have won the English Triple crown, the equivalent races for stayers are Ascot gold cup, Goodwood Cup, and Doncaster Cup.
The American version is the Kentucky Derby, Preakness and Belmont Stakes. Virus: Fortunately nothing to do with your computers but a term used for a number of highly infectious flu like ailments which can spread quickly through a stable and virtually put it out of racing for a while.
Symptoms are dry cough, temperature, and nasal discharges, horses usually take quite a while to recover their best form after such an attack.
Weatherbys: Dating from when James Weatherby an attorney from Northumberland was invited by the Jockey Club to move to Newmarket and become the Keeper of the Match Book, Stake Holder and Secretary to the Jockey Club.
Usually referred to as racings civil service. A payout, typically in a Pick Six, where players without a full winning ticket still receive money.
For example, a player that hits 5-of-6 races in the Pick 6 will typically collect a small consolation payout. Consolations are generally much smaller than the full payout.
Daily Double: A wager in which the player attempts to pick the winner of two sequential races with a single ticket. Dark: A day in which a track is not featuring live racing.
Dog: A cone or other obstruction placed a specified distance from the rail of the turf course to keep horses from damaging that portion of the grass.
Exacta: A bet in which the player attempts to pick the 1 st and 2 nd place horse on one ticket. Form: The current condition of a horse; may also refer to The Daily Racing Form publication.
Fractions: Clocking at quarter-mile increments in either a race or a workout. Going: The condition of the racing surface.
Dirt courses are generally rated Fast, Good, Muddy, or Sloppy. Turf courses are generally rated Firm, Good, Yielding, Soft, or Heavy.
Graded Race: A stakes race that is assigned a grade I, II, or III by the American Graded Stakes Committee based on the relative strength of the race as compared to all other races.
This is the highest form of racing. Half sister: A female horse out of the same dam as the other horse but with a different sire.
Horses with the same sire but different dams are not considered half sisters or brothers. Handily: A fairly strenuous workout where the jockey urges the horse on but does not use the whip.