of horses not on their form one against another but in terms of time, The time data held at Timeform House covers racing since and is. Coates, R: Horse Racing Terms: An illustrated guide | Coates, Rosemary | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und. Many translated example sentences containing "thoroughbred horse racing" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations.
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Horse Racing Terms Conclusion VideoRacing Explained - How to Pick a Winner
Carryover: Usually refers to money in the parimutuel pool for a Pick Six wager that is left over after a sequence fails to have a single player select all of the winners.
For example, if there are no winning tickets for a Pick Six on a Friday at a track, the money left in the pool minus the track take is a considered a carryover and will be added to the pool for Saturday's Pick Six.
Successive carryovers can lead to very large Pick Six pools. Claiming Race: A race where each horse in the field has a price and can be purchased by any person that makes a valid claim prior to the running of the race.
Conditions: The circumstances under which a race will be run, such as: surface, distance, purse, and eligibilities. A payout, typically in a Pick Six, where players without a full winning ticket still receive money.
For example, a player that hits 5-of-6 races in the Pick 6 will typically collect a small consolation payout. Consolations are generally much smaller than the full payout.
Daily Double: A wager in which the player attempts to pick the winner of two sequential races with a single ticket. Dark: A day in which a track is not featuring live racing.
Dog: A cone or other obstruction placed a specified distance from the rail of the turf course to keep horses from damaging that portion of the grass.
Exacta: A bet in which the player attempts to pick the 1 st and 2 nd place horse on one ticket. Form: The current condition of a horse; may also refer to The Daily Racing Form publication.
Fractions: Clocking at quarter-mile increments in either a race or a workout. Going: The condition of the racing surface.
Dirt courses are generally rated Fast, Good, Muddy, or Sloppy. Turf courses are generally rated Firm, Good, Yielding, Soft, or Heavy.
Graded Race: A stakes race that is assigned a grade I, II, or III by the American Graded Stakes Committee based on the relative strength of the race as compared to all other races.
This is the highest form of racing. Half sister: A female horse out of the same dam as the other horse but with a different sire. Breeder: A breeder is a person who organises breeding between two horses and the owner of the dam when the foal is born.
Breeze: A jockey will sometimes run a horse at a moderate pace; this is known as a breeze. Bucked Shins: Some horses get inflamed muscles at the front of their cannon bone.
This injury is usually more prevalent in young horses who are still relatively new to racing. Bullet: Trainers will often time a horse on repeated efforts over the same distance in training.
The best time they achieve over this distance is known as a bullet. This specific type of training is known as bullet work. Bull Ring: A much shorter track than the standard is known as a bull ring.
Call: The position of horses at any point in a race is known as the call. Caller: As I mentioned above, this is the person who commentates the race and lets everyone know the call.
Checked: Sometimes in a race a jockey must suddenly stop their horse or move them to avoid a collision or being seriously disadvantaged in the race.
This is known as being checked. Chute: Quite often a race track will have a large straight section that goes outside the main track at the start of the front straight.
Clerk of the Scales: This is the person who ensures that all horses carry the correct handicapped weight in a race. They will weigh jockeys and their gear both before and after races to ensure compliance.
Climbing: Trainers will always be on the lookout for climbing, which is a natural fault in the way a horse runs. Clocker: The official or officials, who time the race, and sometimes training runs on non-race days, is known as the clocker.
This type of horse is known as a closer. Clubhouse Turn: The turn on the race track that is closest to the clubhouse is funnily enough, the clubhouse turn.
Colours: Also, referred to as silks, these are the silk tops and colors that a jockey wears in a race.
Usually they are relevant to the owners of the horse. Daily Double: A bet which is placed on two races in a row at the one track is a daily double.
At some events a late double may also be offered which is another form of this bet but on later races. Dead: One of the main ratings used to describe track conditions.
Declared: This has a few meanings depending upon where you are in the world. In the United States, it simply means a horse is scratched from the race.
In the United Kingdom and Europe, it means quite the opposite, that a horse is confirmed to run in a race. Exacta: A bet on the first and second place horses in the race is known as an exacta.
You must pick both horses and the correct order to win. Fast: Fast is another rating for a horse track where the conditions are great and the ground is quite solid and unyielding.
This will result in a fast race. Juvenile: A two-year-old. Maiden: Name used for a horse that is yet to win. National Hunt: Another name for races over jumps.
Nursery: A handicapped race for two-year-olds and below. Objection: Relates to a jockey making a formal complaint about another jockey.
Odds on: When the price is below evens. Therefore, your winnings are less than the amount staked. Off the Bridle: Means that a horse is not travelling well during the race.
Open ditch: A fence or hurdle with a ditch in front before the jump. Outsider: A horse that is unfancied to win.
Pacemaker: The horse s that set the race pace early on, usually as a tactic to help a stable companion. Paddock: Part of the racecourse where the horses parade around before their race.
A training strip used to exercise horses. Trainers have access to either their own private gallops or public gallops.
A horse who has been castrated, often to improve its temperament. The underfoot conditions at the racecourse. A device used to measure the underfoot conditions at the racecourse.
Graded race. Hacked up. A phrase used to describe a horse who has won comfortably. An official who assesses how horses should be rated, based on their previous performances.
A two-year-old horse. Listed race. A horse who has yet to win a race. A female horse aged five or older. A bet considered to be the most likely winner of all bets during the day.
National Hunt. A measurement used to describe a winning margin in a close finish. A short head is the smallest winning margin.
A horse withdrawn from a race for which it had been declared. A handicap race for two-year-old horses. The chance offered for a selection to win. Also known as price.
Off the bridle. A term to describe a horse not travelling well. Spell The resting period between preparations or racing. Sportsbook The person, shop or website who accepts bets.
Spot Play US - Type of play in which bettor risks money only on types of races and horses which seem relatively worthwhile risks. Sprint Short race, less than one mile.
Stake The prize money for the winning horses paid to the owner eg. Stakes The sums of money deposited or guaranteed by the parties to a bet.
Stakes-Placed Finished second or third in a stakes race. Stakes Horse A horse whose level of competition includes mostly stakes races.
Stallion A male horse used for breeding. Standing Start In harness racing, starters start from a standing position, once the barrier across the track is released.
Starter The person responsible for starting a race. Starting Gate Partitioned mechanical device having stalls in which the horses are confined until the starter releases the doors in front to begin the race.
Starting Price or SP - An estimation of odds available when the race starts. Starting Stalls Mechanical gates that ensure all horses start in unison.
Stayer Also, Slayer - A horse that can race long distances. Steam When a betting selection starts to move quite rapidly, usually caused by many bettors betting on it.
Steeplechase A race in which horses are required to jump over a series of obstacles on the course. Also known as a 'Chase'.
Stewards The group of people who control the day's racing by ensuring that every runner competes on its merits and imposing penalties for any breach of the rules of racing.
Stewards Enquiry An enquiry by the stewards into a race. Stick Also, Bat A jockey's whip. Stickers Calks on shoes which give a horse better traction in mud or on soft tracks.
Stipes Another term for the Stewards. Or Stipendiary Stewards Stooper US - Those who make a living picking up discarded mutuel tickets at racetracks and cashing those that have been thrown away by mistake.
Store US - A sportsbook or a bookie. Straight Betting to win only. Straight Forecast UK - A tote bet operating in races of 3 or more declared runners in which the punter has to pick the first and second to finish in the correct order.
See 'Exacta'. Straight Six A wager to correctly select the winner of each of six consecutive nominated races. Strapper Also known as an attendant.
A person who assists the trainer, cares for the horse or helps to put on its equipment. Stretch home-Stretch - Final straight portion of the racetrack to the finish.
Stretch Runner Horse that runs its fastest nearing the finish of a race. Stretch Turn Bend of track into homestretch.
Stud 1 Male horse used for breeding. Superfecta A bet placed on four horses to cross the finish line in exact chosen order. Super Yankee Alternative name for a multiple bet known as Canadian, a Super Yankee is a Yankee type bet with five selections instead of four.
Sure Thing A horse which a punter or tipster believes is unbeatable in a race. Sweepstakes Type of betting whereby each horse in a race is drawn out of a hat by a particular person who pays a set amount of money for the privilege of buying a horse.
The people which chose the winner and placegetters will receive a percentage of the total money pool. System A method of betting, usually mathematically based, used by a punter or bettor to try to get an advantage.
TAB Totalisator Agency Board. The body appointed to regulate off-course betting bets made by people who are not present at the race track.
Take Takeout - Commission deducted from mutuel pools which is shared by the track, horsemen in the form of purses and local and state governing bodies in the form of tax.
Taken Up A horse pulled up sharply by his rider because of being in close quarters. The Jockey Club An organization dedicated to the improvement of Thoroughbred breeding and racing.
Incorporated Feb. Thick'un A big bet. Thoroughbred A Thoroughbred is a horse whose parentage traces back to any of the three 'Founding Sires' the Darley Arabian, Byerly Turk and Godolphin Barb, and who has satisfied the rules and requirements of The Jockey Club and is registered in 'The American Stud Book' or in a foreign stud book recognized by The Jockey Club and the International Stud Book Committee.
Thoroughbred Racing Associations TRA - An industry group comprised of many of the racetracks in North America. Ticket The betting slip or ticket which is received by the bettor from the bookmaker or totalisator, as proof of his or her wager.
The ticket is necessary to collect the dividends. Ticketer US - A forger of bookmakers' tickets. Tic-Tac The secret and complex sign language used by bookmakers at racecourses to indicate movements in the price of a horse.
See BBC's Tic-Tac guide. Tierce A French combination bet in which the bettor predicts the horses that will finish 1st, 2nd and 3rd.
Tips The selections chosen by an expert to bet on also known as Picks. See 'Selections'. Tipster A person who makes selections for a race, providing tips on which horses they believe will win the first three places.
Top Weight See 'High Weight'. Totalizator Totalisator - The system of betting on races an automated system that dispenses and records betting tickets, calculates and displays odds and payoffs and provides the mechanism for cashing winning tickets in which the winning bettors share the total amount bet, minus a percentage for the operators of the system, taxes etc.
Synonyms: Tote, Parimutuel. Tote Totalizator. The organisation appointed to receive bets and supply dividends in proportion to the amount of the investment.
A body in the UK set up to operate pool-betting on all racecourses. Tote Board The usually electronic totalizator display in the infield which reflects up-to-the-minute odds.
It may also show the amounts wagered in each mutuel pool as well as information such as jockey and equipment changes, etc.
Also known as the 'Board'. Tote Returns Returns from a tote pool also known as a Dividend , calculated by taking the total stake in each pool after the take out and dividing it by the number of winning tickets.
A dividend is declared to a fixed stake, for various win, place and forecast pools. Tout Person who professes to have, and sells, advance information on a race.
Also used as a verb meaning to sell or advertise. Track Condition Condition of the racetrack surface. Slow; Fast; good; muddy; sloppy; frozen; hard; firm; soft; yielding; heavy.
Track Record Fastest time for a distance at a particular track. Trail Racing immediately behind another horse. A trail is also known as a sit. Trainer The person responsible for looking after a horse and preparing it to race.
A trainer must hold a license or permit to be entitled to train. Treble A bet consisting of 3 selections, all of which must win for the wager to be successful.
Tricast UK - See 'Trifecta' below. Trifecta A wager picking the first three finishers in exact order. Called a 'Triactor' in Canada and a 'Triple' in some parts of the U.
Trifecta Box - A trifecta wager in which all possible combinations using a given number of horses are bet upon. The sum of the formula is then multiplied by the amount wagered on each combination.
Triple Also 'Treble' See 'Trifecta' above. Triple Crown Used generically to denote a series of three important races, but is always capitalized when referring to historical races for three-year-olds.
In the United States, the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes. In England the 2, Guineas, Epsom Derby and St. Leger Stakes.
In Canada, the Queen's Plate, Prince of Wales Stakes and Breeders' Stakes. Trixie A Trixie consists of 4 bets involving 3 selections in different events, i.
Trotting A term for harness racing in general. It also describes the specific gait of a trotter. Turf Accountant The UK euphemism for a bookmaker.
Hung - A horse holding the same position, unable to make up distance on the winner. Impost - Weight carried or assigned. In Hand - Running under moderate control, at less than best pace.
Inquiry - Reviewing the race to check into a possible infraction of the rules. Also, a sign flashed by officials on the tote board on such occasions.
If lodged by a jockey, it is called an objection. In The Money - Describes the horses in a race that finish 1st, 2nd and 3rd and sometimes 4th or the horses on which money will be paid to bettors, depending on the place terms.
In The Red - Are odds shown in red on the betting boards because they are Odds-On bets. Investor - A bettor. A person at a licensed race meeting who bets with a bookmaker or the totalisator, or a person not present at the meeting, but places bets on the horses engaged at that meeting with the off-course totalisator.
Joint Favourites - When a sportsbook or bookmaker cannot separate two horses or teams for favouritism, they are made joint favourites. Judge - The person who declares the official placing for each race.
Juice - The bookmaker's commission, also known as vigorish or vig. Jumper - Steeplechase or hurdle horse. Jolly - The favourite in a race.
Judge - The official who determines the finishing order of a race. Juvenile - Two-year-old horse. Key Horse - The main expected winning horse used in multiple combinations in an exotic wager.
Kite - UK slang for a cheque 'Check' in the US. Late Double - A second daily double offered during the latter part of the program.
See 'Daily Double' above. Lay Off, Layoff - Bets made by one bookmaker with another bookmaker, in an effort to reduce his liability in respect of bets already laid by him with investors.
LBO - Acronym for 'Licensed Betting Office' in the UK. Leg In - To nominate one runner to win with a selection of other runners. This is possible on Forecast, Quinella, Trifecta, Quartet and Superfecta eg.
Quinella bet with selection 4 to win, from runners 5, 7, 8 and 9 to come second, in any order. Length - A measurement approximating the length of a horse from nose to tail, about 8 feet, used to denote distance between horses in a race.
For example, "Secretariat won the Belmont by 31 lengths". Lengthen - The opposite of 'Shorten'. Referred to odds getting longer, that is, more attractive to the bettor.
Listed Race - A stakes race just below a group race or graded race in quality. Lock - As in 'Banker' US term for an almost certain winner.
Easy winner. Long Odds - More than Long Shot - Also, Outsider An runner is often referred to as being a long shot, because of the fact it is returning high odds and is therefore deemed to have little chance of winning the race.
Lug In Out - Action of a tiring horse, bearing in or out, failing to keep a straight course. Maiden - 1 A horse or rider that has not won a race.
Maiden Race - A race for non-winners. Mare - Female horse five-years-old or older. Market - The list of all horses engaged in a race and their respective odds.
Meeting - A collection of races conducted by a club on the same day or night forms a race meeting. Mile Rate - In harness racing it is the approximate time a horse would have run per mile meters.
Minus Pool - A mutuel pool caused when a horse is so heavily played that, after deductions of state tax and commission, there is not enough money left to pay the legally prescribed minimum on each winning bet.
The racing association usually makes up the difference. Money Rider - A rider who excels in rich races. Morning Glory - Horse who performs well in morning workouts but fails to fire in actual races.
Morning Line - Approximate odds quoted before wagering begins. Mudder - A horse that races well on muddy tracks. Also known as a 'Mudlark'.
Muddy track - A condition of a racetrack which is wet but has no standing water. Mutuel Pool - Short for 'Parimutuel Pool'.
Sum of the wagers on a race or event, such as the win pool, daily double pool, exacta pool, etc. Nap - The selection that racing correspondents and tipsters nominate as their strongest selection of the day or meeting.
Reputed to stand for 'Napoleon'. National Thoroughbred Racing Association NTRA - A non-profit, membership organization created in to improve economic conditions and public interest in Thoroughbred racing.
Neck - Unit of measurement about the length of a horse's neck. Nod - Lowering of head. To win by a nod, a horse extends its head with its nose touching the finish line ahead of a close competitor.
Nominations - The complete list of runners entered by owners and trainers for a race. Nose - Smallest advantage a horse can win by.
Called a short head in Britain. Nursery - A handicap for two-year-old horses. Oaks - A stakes event for three-year-old fillies females.
Objection - Claim of foul lodged by rider, patrol judge or other official after the running of a race. If lodged by official, it is called an inquiry.
Odds - The sportsbook's or bookmaker's view of the chance of a competitor winning adjusted to include a profit. The figure or fraction by which a bookmaker or totalisator offers to multiply a bettor's stake, which the bettor is entitled to receive plus his or her own stake if their selection wins.
Odds-against - Where the odds are greater than evens e. When the bookmaker's or totalisator's stake is greater than the bettor's stake.
Odds Compiler - Same as 'Oddsmaker' below. Oddsmaker - A person who sets the betting odds. Sportsbooks or Bookies don't set the odds.
Most major sportsbooks use odds set by Las Vegas oddsmakers. Odds Man US - At tracks where computers are not in use, an employee who calculates changing odds as betting progresses.
Odds-On - Odds of less than even money. This a bet where you have to outlay more than you win. For example if a horse is two to one Odds-On, you have to outlay two dollars to win one dollar and your total collect if the horse wins is three dollars.
That is made up of your two dollars and the one dollar you win. Official - Sign displayed when result is confirmed. Also racing official. Off the Board US - A horse so lightly bet that its pari-mutuel odds exceed 99 to 1.
Also, a game or event on which the bookie will not accept action. Off-Track Betting OTB - Wagering at legalized betting outlets.
On The Board - Finishing among the first three. On The Nose - Betting a horse to win only. Open Ditch - Steeplechase jump with a ditch on the side facing the jockey.
Outlay - The money a bettor wagers is called his or her outlay. Out Of The Money - A horse that finishes worse than third. Outsider - A horse that is not expected to win.
An outsider is usually quoted at the highest odds. Overbroke - Where the book results in a loss for the bookmaker. Overlay - A horse going off at higher odds than it appears to warrant based on its past performances.
Overnight Race - A race in which entries close a specific number of hours before running such as 48 hours , as opposed to a stakes race for which nominations close weeks and sometimes months in advance.
Over The Top - When a horse is considered to have reached its peak for that season. Overweight - Surplus weight carried by a horse when the rider cannot make the assigned weight.
Pacesetter - The horse that is running in front on the lead.Horse Racing Terms and Jargon Buster. The world of horse racing contains plenty of confusing. This is a glossary of horse racing terms you will hear used at the Saratoga Race Course. Make sure to learn the jarjon and technical terms of horse racing so you can impress your friends when you are at the Saratoga Race Track. Form: The current condition of a horse; may also refer to The Daily Racing Form publication. Fractions: Clocking at quarter-mile increments in either a race or a workout. Front Runner: A horse that wants to run on or near the lead. Furlong: One eighth of a mile. Gelding: A castrated male horse. Going: The condition of the racing surface. Horse Racing Terms. 1) All the runners in a race. 2) Some sportsbooks or bookmakers may well group all the outsiders in a competition under the banner headline of 'Field' 1) Race for which the track handicapper assigns the weights to be carried. Each horse is allocated a different weight to. HORSE- Broadly, in any Thoroughbred regardless of sex. Specifically, an entire male 5 years old or older. HORSING- Mare in heat. HOTWALKER- Person who walks horses to cool them out after workout or.
Horse Racing Terms finden kann. - BeschreibungConsidering the unusual layout of some of the courses in Britain, and remembering that the wind may blow at any strength from any point of the compass, it might be thought that the problem is an intractable one.